Painting of the Betrayal of the Cossacks at Lienz, Austria
In 1944, General Krasnov and other Cossack leaders had persuaded Hitler to allow Cossack troops, as well as civilians and non-combatant Cossacks to permanently settle in the sparsely settled Carnia, in the Italian Alps. The Cossacks moved there and established garrisons and settlements, requisitioning houses by evicting the inhabitants, with several stanitzas and posts, their administration, churches, schools, and military units. There, they fought the partisans and persecuted the local population, committing numerous atrocities. When the Allies progressed from central Italy to the… Continue reading
Joseph Stalin was born in the Russian peasant village of Gori, Georgia on 18thDecember, 1879. His birth name was Josif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, until he adopted the name “Stalin” from the Russian word for steel in 1902. He was his mother’s fourth child to be born in less than four years. The first three died and as Joseph was prone to bad health; his mother feared on several occasions that he would also die. Understandably, given this background, Joseph’s mother was very protective towards him as a… Continue reading
Before the digital camera was ubiquitous, photographs were such a rarity that people used to dress in their finery for their snapshots. And these smartly dressed prisoners were no exception as this haul of vintage mugshots shows. The collection of haunting portraits shows just how the practise began – in Bedford Prison more than 150 years ago.
As the Iraqi resistance gained power, Britain resorted… Continue reading
Transcript of Rivers of Blood Speech
Here is the full text of Enoch Powell’s famous speech to the Annual General Meeting of the West Midlands Area Conservative Political Centre, Birmingham, England, April 20, 1968.
The supreme function of statesmanship is to provide against preventable evils. In seeking to do so, it encounters obstacles which are deeply rooted in human nature. One is that by the very order of things such evils are not demonstrable until they have occurred: At each stage in their onset there is room for doubt and for dispute whether they be real or imaginary. By the… Continue reading
The bloodiest and longest standoff of WWII – the Battle of Stalingrad – lasted 200 days and claimed 2 million lives. Russia is marking the 70th anniversary of this epic struggle, which became the turning point leading to overthrow of Nazi Germany.
The anniversary of the Soviet victory in what was the biggest land battle of WWII will be widely celebrated throughout Russia on Saturday. About 1,000 guests have arrived in Volgograd – formerly Stalingrad – to participate in the celebrations, including a military parade, battle reconstructions, fireworks and more.
In honor of the celebrations, the city is changing back… Continue reading
The Population of Ancient England
About 650 BC a people called the Celts migrated to England. Then in 43 AD the Romans invaded. It is impossible to accurately estimate the population of England before the Romans came. However the population of Roman Britain was probably about 4 million.
Roman towns would seem small to us. The largest town, London, may have had a population of only 35,000. The next largest town was probably Colchester with a population of around 12,000. Roman Cirencester may have had a population of 10,000.
In the 4th century Roman civilisation declined and in 407 AD… Continue reading
These bleak pictures appear to show America in the grip of the 1920s Great Depression. The reality is that they were taken in the 1960s, in a lonely valley in Eastern Kentucky long forgotten by affluent America. For generations, poets and musicians like Patsy Cline were inspired by the beauty of a land that covers 13 states and where towns are called ‘Lovely,’ ‘Beauty’ and ‘Kingdom Come.’ But the harsh reality, as these pictures from LIFE.com show, was that the people of Appalachia sustained themselves on a bare government subsistence, were ridden with diseases and lived in shacks.
An Appalachian mother clutches her sleeping child while staring into the distance as her other children play around her Continue reading
Duty: Angela Merkel said Germany must never forget the atrocities committed by the Nazis. German Chancellor Angela Merkel said her country can never forget the Nazi Holocaust and says her nation has ‘an everlasting responsibility’ for Nazi crimes. Mrs Merkel, who will fight for re-election for a third time this coming autumn, spoke at the weekend ahead of national commemorations this week remembering the Nazi takeover of Germany on January 30 1933.… Continue reading
LIFE magazine war photographer, Larry Burrows, covered the fighting on the front lines during the Vietnam War and is now being remembered for his extraordinary work as the 41 year anniversary of his death approaches.
Mr Burrows captured the compelling images of Operation Prairie, the U.S. offensive against the North Vietnamese near the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), that lasted from August 3 to October 27, 1966.
His photographs of the bloody aftermath of the attack, juxtaposed against the lush and picturesque scenery of the Southeast Asian nation, are being revisited on LIFE.com as the London-born photojournalist is remembered.